Image of prototype board/assembly
shown connected to the FCC-1
The FCC-2 is an addon to the FCC-1



Out of stock
Look for the revised FCC-2 Mk2
To be released soon




Introduction

The NorCal FCC-2 is an add-on DDS VFO board that extends the basic capabilities of the FCC-1 counter kit. All of the FCC-1 features have been retained, so you wonít lose them by upgrading. A lot of work has been put into this kit to minimize power consumption and permit battery operation for extended periods. Surface mount technology (SMT) has been used extensively to minimize the size and weight of the kit. The FCC-2 is peerless in its low power consumption and flexibility.

The kit features a DC - 20MHz DDS (Direct Digital Synthesis) chip, a shaft encoder and provides RTTY support. A new PIC microcontroller is supplied with the kit, which adds the VFO to the basic counter features. The VFO firmware supports 13 bands from 160m through 2m, plus a non-specific, Direct band. There are numerous user-programmable parameters which are stored in EEPROM for one-time setup convenience. You can easily switch between VFO and frequency counter modes and the DDS output will retain its frequency. Youíll see later on how we use this feature to calibrate the counter. The user-programmable IF offsets and scale factors permit the VFO to operate in a wide range of HF and VHF applications. The prescale feature permits down-stream frequency multiplication or for use as a reference source for a PLL synthesizer. The LCD displays the actual output frequency.

Dual VFOs and Split operation are supported in the firmware, and the FCC-2 will operate RTTY straight off your workbench. Just connect a COM port cable and launch the software. Iíve used MMTTY and it works great. You can incorporate the FCC-1/2 combination into a homebrew rig or package them into a separate enclosure for use as a portable test instrument. Typical current consumption for the pair is less than 60mA. Operation is as simple as connecting a power supply.

If you ordered the FCC-2 kit with the DDS chip, it will be included in one of the component bags. If you chose the lower cost option and havenít yet ordered the AD9834BRU sample from Analog Devices, point your browser to Analog Devices . Search for AD9834 and scroll down the page to order a sample. New users will need to register first, but itís quick and straightforward. Your new DDS chip will be in the mail shortly and best of all, itís totally free!

The kit contains all of the essential parts. All you need to supply are your favorite pin headers. Over 90% of the components are SMT. To successfully assemble the FCC-2, you need to have previous kit building experience, preferably with SMT components. Itís not recommended that beginners attempt this project because of its intricate nature. If you find yourself in over your head after purchasing the kit, no problem. You can have the SMT components installed by Kit Builders. Send Mike, WA6OUW, an email at wa6ouw@aol.com for further information.

Itís a good idea to read through the manual before beginning to get a better understanding of the steps involved and the unitís capabilities. Youíll find a lot of useful information and application ideas in the following pages before you warm up your soldering iron.

FCC-2 Features

  • Complete FCC-1 Frequency Counter support
  • Shaft encoder for frequency entry, Memory and Menu mode operations
  • 4 pushbutton and shaft encoder user interface
  • Dual VFOs
  • Split operation
  • VFO copy: A-> B, B->A
  • VFO can be band limited or full range
  • Fast T-R switching
  • FSK (RTTY) support
  • 10 programmable frequency memories, store and recall to/from either VFO
  • Last band frequency used is stored in EEPROM Ė after 30 second dwell
  • Programmable transmit IF offset
  • Programmable receive IF offset
  • Programmable transmit frequency scaling: 1 to 255 - per band
  • Programmable receive frequency scaling: 1 to 255 - per band
  • Programmable transmit frequency calculation per band:
    • Direct
    • VFO+IF
    • VFO-IF
    • IF-VFO
  • Programmable receive frequency calculation per band:
    • Direct
    • VFO+IF
    • VFO-IF
    • IF-VFO
  • Programmable transmit RTTY Mark frequency offset Ė 2125 Hz nominal
  • Programmable transmit RTTY Space shift frequency Ė 170 Hz nominal
  • Programmable receive RTTY Mark frequency offset
  • Programmable shaft encoder pushbutton function
  • DDS Calibrate mode
  • Extensive Menu mode
  • Computer-controlled contest keying

FCC-2 Specifications

Dimensions1.5Ē x 3.0Ē x 1.25Ē (HWD)
Weight1.2 oz.
Power Requirements30 mA in addition to FCC-1.
InputsFCC-1 connection
RS-232 compatible FSK input: TXD, RTS, Ground
Usable Frequency RangeDC to >20 MHz
Outputs1. Lo-Z:
50 Ohm, 20KHz Ė 18 MHz output (-3dB) 3.0mw (4.7dBm) to 25mw (14 dBm) @ 1MHz typ. Usable from 10KHz to 21 MHz.
2. Hi-Z:
600 Ohm, DC-18 MHz output, 580mVpp typical.
3.Key Out:
Active low, open collector, computer controlled via RTS
DDS Lowpass Filter 7th order Elliptic
T-R turnaround delay 1mS max
Frequency Memories 10, user programmable
Band Memories 13, frequency is automatically stored after 30 second dwell
Receive IF Offset 0 to >268 MHz
Transmit IF Offset 0 to >268 MHz
Receive Prescale Factor 1 to 255, programmable per band
Transmit Prescale Factor 1 to 255, programmable per band
FSK Mark Frequency Offset 0 to >268MHz
FSK Space Frequency Offset 0 to >268MHz
Supported Bands 160m, 80m, 60m, 40m, 30m, 20m, 17m, 15m, 12m, 10m, 6m, 2m, Direct
Controls Shaft Encoder with built-in pushbutton
Encoder Pushbutton Programmable: Decade Increment, VFO A/B select

FCC-2 Designer's Comments

I've been experimenting with several DDS VFO designs for a couple of years and put everything I learned from those projects into the FCC-2, plus a few new twists. I wound up designing a kit I wished were available 10 years ago. Many of the ideas for the hardware were copied from my earlier designs. That was the easy part.

The board design went through two prototype cycles before I was satisfied. Then the idea of providing RTTY support came along. I hadn't thought about it before, but it was so easy to include that another prototype was made. Programs such as MMTTY work directly with the kit. A bonus for non-RTTY contest ops is that the extra circuitry allows you to key the FCC-2 directly from a computer COM port, so you can use your favorite contest program right away.

My goal was to make the FCC-2 as useful as possible, so audio frequency output was mandatory. A separate unbuffered output is provided to allow you to use it as a signal generator for testing audio amplifier stages and tweaking bandpass filters. On the RF side, two amplifier stages provide plenty of drive for high-level diode ring mixers or QRPp operation. One beta tester even hooked the output to an antenna and had a few of QSOs with it. The DDS chip inherently provides a low-distortion output and the 7th order elliptic low pass filter removes the high order alias frequencies.

The firmware for the FCC-2 took a lot more time to develop. I didn't start from scratch, but it was a real challenge anticipating all of the potential applications and squeezing all of the code into a PIC with 4K of program memory. All of the FCC-1 features were retained, and I think you'll like the new way of programming the parameters using the shaft encoder. Above all, I wanted to make it easy for you to use.

Programming the various frequency counter and VFO parameters is easy and intuitive. The manual goes into great detail describing what they're used for and how to set them up for your particular application. For starters, you can use the FCC-1 & 2 as a bench-top frequency counter and signal generator, a stand-alone VFO or incorporate them into a homebrew rig. I'm sure there are many more.

Speaking of the manual, I think you'll be pleased with the step-by-step instructions and numerous photos. A lot of effort went into eliminating any guesswork. The FCC-2 was a fun project to develop and I hope you enjoy building and using it.

I want to express my appreciation for the efforts of the beta testers Song Kang, WA6AYQ; Bill Mabry, N4QA; Bob Miller, WB6KWT; Bill Phillips, AD6JV; and Ron Smith, KE6RS. Your feedback was invaluable.

73,
Bob - W3CD

Supporting Files

 FCC-2 Frequency Counter Controller Manual in PDF format (rev 1)

FCC-2 shipments beginning in June, 2006 use a new component kitting method. Please use revision 2 of the FCC-2 manual for assembly instructions.

 FCC-2 Frequency Counter Controller Manual in PDF format (rev 2)


Page last updated: 06/02/2014, 15:02:06
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